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Vitamins: Types, Sources, Benefits and Deficiency Diseases

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Vitamins are organic compound required in minute quantities. No calorie is obtained from it, but it is very important in regulating chemical reactions in metabolism of the body. on the basis of solubility, vitamins are of two types

Vitamin soluble in water : Vitamin-B and Vitamin-C.

Vitamin soluble in fat : Vitamin-A, Vitamin-D, Vitamin-E and Vitamin-K.

The diseases caused by the deficiency of vitamins and their sources

Vitamins Deficiency diseases Sources
Vitamin-A (Retinol) Colour blindness,Xerophthalmia Milk, Egg, Cheese, Green  vegetable fish liver oil
Vitamin B1 (Thymine) Beriberi Ground nut, Ra Dried Chilli, Pubes liver, Fgg, Vegetables etc.
Vitamin-B2 (Riboflavin) Cracking of skin, red-dish eye,cracking of tongue Green vegetables,Meat,Milk etc
Vitamin-B3 (Pantothenic acid) Whitening of hair,mentally retardness Meat, Milk, Nut, Tomato,Leafy vegetables etc
Vitamin-B5 (Nicotinamide or Niacin) Pellagra or 4-D Syndrome Meat, Ground nut,Potato, Tomato, Leafy vegetables etc
Vitamin-B6 (Pyridoxine) Anaemia, skin disease Liver, Meat, Grains etc
Vitamin-B7 (Biotin) Paralysis, body pain,hair falling Meat, Egg, Liver, Milk etc.
Vitamin-B12 (Cynocobalamin) Anaemia, jaundice,Teroile Glutemic Meat, Milk etc
Folic acid diarrhoea,Anaemia Pulses, Liver, Vegetables, Eggs etc

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